The terms ‘Samma Sambodhi’ or ‘Abhi Sambodhi Gnana’ signify the most awakened state of the human mind. It is also the highest state of the human intelligence or enlightenment.
We drift from one existence to another through birth and death. This is defined as the cycle of ‘Samsara’. Everything what we consider as the pleasures in life are temporary. All these pleasures end, leaving a suffering behind. We have to end the suffering permanently to achieve eternal happiness. The drift in the Samsara has to be stopped to end the suffering. The reason for wandering endlessly in the Samsara is due to our desires or defilements. Defilements create attachments.
The suffering in Samsara (Dukkha)
The origin of suffering (Samudaya)
The freedom from suffering (Nirodha)
The path to end suffering (Magga)
The ‘Chaturarya Satya’ or the four noble truths were understood by the Lord Buddha with his great insight achieved through the matured intellect. The reality of this world could be understood when this is achieved. Once the reality is understood, all defilements and the attachments end. The mind gets released. The result would be to end all reasons for suffering. Thus, the journey in the Samsara through birth and death ends. This supreme bliss is called the ‘Nirvana’.
Earlier, the fig tree under which the Ascetic Gautama was seated when he attained enlightenment was called the ‘Esathu’ tree. This Esathu tree became famous as the ‘Bodhi’, as the Samma Sambodhi was attained under the shade of it.